This transatlantic exchange of perspectives on bioeconomy notions was organised by KIT-ITAS and TU Darmstadt in collaboration with the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Sciences and Arts and took place in Brussels at the Palace of the Academies on October 8 & 9, 2015. The workshop brought together European and U.S. experts from the fields of policymaking, industry and civil society organisations discussing different stakeholder perspectives on bioeconomic notions, expectations and future challenges.